The Appellate Division, Third Department has disagreed with the Second Circuit on the constitutionality of New York's persistent felony offenders sentencing statute. In People v. Battease
, the Third Department rejected the defendant's contention that his 20-years-to-life sentence was excessive and unconstitutional. The decision in that case can be found here
. The Second Circuit, in Besser v. Walsh
and other cases, has invalidated heavy sentences imposed under the statute because they were imposed by judges on persistent felony offenders and not by jurors, in violation of the Sixth Amendment. The Second Circuit's decision can be found here
. The Third Department held that it was not bound by local federal circuit court rulings.
This raises an interesting issue. Assume that the New York State Court of Appeals hears this case and agrees with the Third Department. All state courts will be bound by this precedent. But then, if the case goes to federal habeas review, the federal courts will be bound by the Second Circuit decision. In questions of constitutional law, the Second Circuit would not be bound by the decision of the New York State Court of Appeals. So the two court systems would seem to be directly competing on this matter, with the federal system winning in the end. So was the Third Department correct in finding that it was not bound by the Second Circuit's interpretation of federal constitutional law?
The Second Circuit has held that electronic fund transfers temporarily in the possession of an intermediate bank in New York may not be garnished. The decision in Export-Import Bank of the United States v. Asia Pulp & Paper Co.
can be found here
The Second Circuit has held that a district court was not restricted in any way from awarding a successful appellant as a cost the expense of obtaining a letter of credit in order to bond an appeal. The mandate of the appellate court does not have to specify what costs may be sought from the district court.
The decision in L-3 Communications Corp. v. OSI Systems, Inc.
can be found here