Standard of Review. The Second Circuit rejected the Board of Immigration Appeals' ruling that an Immigration Judge's finding concerning a future event is not fact-finding subject to clear error review. The Court noted that "[a] determination of what will occur in the futre and the degree of likelihood of the occurrence has been regularly regarded as fact-finding subject to only clear error review." The Second Circuit, however, agreed with the Board of Immigrations Appeals on its holding that de novo review applies to the ultimate question of whether the applicant for asylum has sustained her burden to establish that her subjective fear of persecution is objectively reasonable. The Court stated: "What the law's legal construct of a reasonable person would believe or do under the particular circumstances of a case is normally a question of law, the decision of which is reviewed de novo.
The decision in Huang v. Holder can be found here.